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Visiting a foreign country anyone should be ready to observe some rules. Such essential features about the country and city as safety, documentation, language and so on are always worth to pay attention at. Knowing of these simple facts helps a visitor to orient in the foreign country and not to make some simple mistakes, which can lead to misunderstandings. It is also important for foreign visitors to realize, how they can protect themselves from some dangerous and unpleasant situations, which can sudden their journey.


An official language of Russia is the Russian language. However, the English language is the most popular one among other foreign languages in Russia. The majority of hotels, restaurants, shops have English speaking staff. Don't be confused to address any passerby with the question «Do you speak English?», because in many cases you will be given the answer «Yes».


In Russia you can buy alcohol on reaching 18. It is strongly prohibited to drink and drive. You also shouldn't drink alcohol in public transport. Smoking is prohibited in public places and in transport. In the majority of cafes and restaurants there are special halls for smokers.


It is recommended to boil tap water before drinking it, although water is chemically safe in Russia. The best decision is to use bottled purified water, which is available in all supermarkets. You can also buy it in any small shop or kiosk, but it is not recommended, as the water can be spurious.


The electrical current in Russia is 220V AC. Note that the plug-and-socket connection differs from that one which is used in the United States and Europe. To use the appliances, you take from your home, you may need a converter and a plug adapter.


Most offices and shops in Moscow start working at 9 a.m. and finish at 6 p.m from Monday to Friday, with one break for a lunch. One hour's break is usually from 1 p.m. till 2 p.m. Banks are open to public from 9 (or 10) a.m. till 5 p.m. Some stores, cafes and restaurants are open round-the-clock or until late at night.


According to the Metric system used in Russia the length is measured in meters and kilometers. Note that road signs are in kilometers and speed limits in kilometers per hour. Drinks are measured in liters (mostly 0.5 or 0.3) or in hundreds of milliliters. Alcohol drinks are generally served in 50- or 100-gram measures. Food is weighed in grams or kilograms.